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11. Japanese national holidays

The following holidays are established according to the National Holidays Act.

January 1 New Year’s Day (Ganjitsu)  
Second Monday Coming-of-Age Day (Seijin no hi)  
February
11 National Foundation Day (Kenkoku kinen no hi)
 
March Around 20 Vernal Equinox Day (Shunbun no hi) *the date changes according to the year
(20th in 2016 and 2017)
April
29 Showa Day (Showa no hi)
 
May
3 Constitution Memorial Day (Kenpo kinenbi)
 
4 Greenery Day (Midori no hi)
 
5 Children’s Day (Kodomo no hi)
 
June
     
July Third Monday
Marine Day (Umi no hi)  
August 11 Mountain Day  
September
Third Monday Respect-for-the-Aged Day
Around 23 Autumnal Equinox Day(Shubun no hi) *the date changes according to the year (22nd in 2016 and 23rd in 2017)
October
Second Monday Health and Sports Day (Taiiku no hi)  
November
3 Culture Day (Bunka no hi)
 
23 Labor Thanksgiving Day (Kinro kansha no hi)  
December 23 The Emperor’s Birthday (Tenno tanjobi)
 

*If one of the above national holidays falls on a Sunday, the next closest day which is not a holiday will be considered as a holiday.
*A day between two national holidays automatically becomes a national holiday. *Exact dates for Vernal Equinox Day and Autumnal Equinox Day are not stipulated in the Act. The National Astronomical Observatory of Japan announces the upcoming year’s dates in the Official Gazette in February.
*National Holidays Act (Cabinet Office) http://www8.cao.go.jp/chosei/shukujitsu/gaiyou.html (in Japanese)