Housing in Japan
In Japan, numbers and the alphabet are used to express the number and size of rooms. In other words, if it says “2LDK”, “L” means living room, “D” means dining room, “K” means kitchen, and “2” means the number of rooms present other than LDK. Normally, the bathtub and toilet are separated, but in some apartments, there is a style called “unit bath” in which the bathtub, toilet, and sink are placed together. The room size is described by the number of tatami (1 tatami mat is approximately 1.8m×0.9m=1.62m²). For example, 6 jo (tatami) expresses a size equivalent to 6 tatami mats, which means a room slightly smaller than 10m².
Types of Rental Housing
Many real estate agencies in Fukuoka City offer intermediary/placement services, and property information such as room layout, rent, and address are posted outside their offices. If you visit a real estate agent in the area you wish to reside in and state your preferences, an agent will find suitable housing for you. If you cannot speak Japanese, ask a Japanese speaker to accompany you. Some real estate agencies employ agents that speak foreign languages. Also, book stores and convenience stores sell magazines specializing in real estate, and it is also common to search for an apartment on the Internet.
Real Estate Agencies with Foreign Language Services
- Fukuoka Apartments (English)
- Seaside Real Estate (English)
- Leopalace21 (English, Chinese, Korean, Vietnamese, Portuguese)
- Miyoshi Fudosan (English, Chinese)
Contract and Miscellaneous Expenses
Generally, a guarantor is required to form a contract. It is recommended that international students inquire at their university about the Fukuoka Region International Student Housing Guarantee System. Also, there are guarantor service companies who can act as your guarantor for a fee. Various agreements are written on the contract, so be sure to thoroughly read it through before you sign it. Most contracts are only written in Japanese, so bring a friend who can read Japanese.
For private housing, you must pay miscellaneous fees other than the rent totaling approximately 5-7 months worth of rent. A portion will be returned when you terminate the contract. Please refer to the chart below for various expenses incurred when renting a house or an apartment.
|Item||Cost||Purpose||Availability of refund|
|Equivalent to 3-4 months' rent||Deposit to reimburse the landlord for unpaid rent or repairs after the tenant leaves||Refund of remaining money after reductions such as repairs or cleaning|
|Service charge||Equivalent to 1 month’s rent||Service fee for real estate agents and other letting agents
(calculated on a daily basis from the day of the commencement of the contract and added to the next month's payment)
<Consultation services for troubles regarding a rental housing contract>
|Fukuoka City Consumer Affairs Center||092-781-0999||Mon.-Fri.
10:00-16:00 (telephone consulations only)
|Fukuoka Real Estate Transaction Association
|Fukuoka Prefecture Housing Center||092-725-0876||Mon.-Fri.
|Fukuoka Prefecture Consumer Affairs Center||092-632-0999||Mon.-Fri.
Rent varies by the number and size of rooms, age of the building, location, and more. In other words, if the apartment is larger and has more rooms, newer, and more convenient, it is more expensive than a smaller, older, and less convenient apartment. This does not apply to all places, so please review all the information before making a decision.
Renewal and Termination of Contract
Generally, a contract is renewed every 2 years, and rent can be increased upon renewal. When terminating a contract, you must inform your landlord at least one month in advance (it is also written in the contract). For old houses or apartments, the landlord may request a termination of your contract for demolition or renovation purposes.
Besides private housing, there are city and prefectural housing complexes run by the local government, as well as Urban Renaissance Agency rental housing (UR housing). The benefits of the city and public housing are that they are generally cheaper, and incur fewer move-in expenses than private housing. However, there is an income upper limit, applications are only accepted four times a year, and residents are chosen by lottery. The benefits for UR housing are: tenants are accepted on a first-come, first-served basis if a room is available, a guarantor is not needed, fewer expenses incurred when moving in, and availability for single households. However, the rent is not necessarily cheaper than private housing, and they may have certain requirements such as having a minimum salary level. For details, please contact the management office of each type of housing.
|Fukuoka City Housing Corporation Recruiting Section||092-271-2561||http://www.nicety.or.jp/|
|Fukuoka Housing Corporation Rent Management/Recruiting Section||092-781-8012||http://www.lsf.jp/|
|Fukuoka Prefectural Housing Management Section||092-713-1683|
|Urban Renaissance Agency Rental Housing Kyushu Area
Moving in to your home
<Please note :>
- When you enter a house, take off your shoes, and do not wear slippers on tatami mats.
- Many Japanese houses are constructed with wood, so be extra careful when handling fire.
- If you are remodeling your house, make sure you have your landlord’s prior approval.
- It is recommended to take pictures of the inside of your house when moving in to avoid any problems when you move out.
- Many places do not allow pets. Please ask whether pets are allowed before you decide to get a dog or cat.
- Open accounts for electricity, gas, and water services. Follow these links for details.
In general, houses and apartments do not come with furniture, electrical appliances, or phones. Make a preliminary inspection beforehand.
|Kitchen sink, bathroom, toilet, sink, closet, gas and water, electrical wiring and plugs, telephone circuit and jack, etc.|
|Furnishings that may not be included|
|Air conditioner, hot water heater, gas/electric stove etc.|
|Furnishings that need to be purchased
|Air conditioner/heater, gas/electric stove, refrigerator, washing machine, lighting, curtains, telephone etc. (these appliances are sold at household goods stores, electrical appliance stores, or second-hand stores.)
Usually, air conditioning and heating appliances are not included in the room, so you should purchase one. Air conditioners are comparatively expensive, but are effective against the hot-and-humid Japanese summers, and the electrical fan or the dehumidifier function provides comfortable living during rainy days. During the winter, the most common heating equipment is a kerosene heater or a kerosene fan heater, and you can obtain kerosene from a gas station. Other heating equipment include kotatsu (a table with an electrical heater attached to the bottom and covered with a blanket) and electric carpets.
* List of places where you can obtain or buy appliances (recycle shops etc.)